7 food preservation techniques you must try at your home
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, a farmer, or just a foodie who wants to preserve the flavour of the season, learning to preserve food can let you enjoy your favourite food all year long. It doesn’t just save you a lot of money but also ensures that nothing goes waste.
But the toughest part of home preservation is to understand which technique to use. Luckily, there are several ways to preserve food and they are not as hard as it seems.
Here are 7 food preservation techniques to try at home to stock your pantry shelves with your beloved food item.
Eliminating the moisture content from foods makes it storable. This technique benefits with herbs, vegetables, fruits, and meat. Those fruit roll-ups bought from stores that are so famous in kids’ lunch boxes are dehydrated, and so is your beloved beef jerky. Dehydration is one of the simplest techniques for preserving foods. As long as you make certain that the foods are adequately dried, they will last in airtight jars for as long as you want.
Pickling for food preservation
Pickled foods are preserved with the help of vinegar, like sweet pickles, dill pickles, and pickled onions. Pickles can be stored using the water bath canning technique or they can be stored in the refrigerator (therefore the term refrigerator pickles). Pickling is simple! Pack jars with vegetables and put some brine over the top, then either process in the canner or keep them in the refrigerator.
Possibly one of the oldest techniques of food conservation, fermentation generates an acid that stores food. One widespread method of fermenting vegetables is through a salt brine or simply rubbing vegetables with salt. This is how sauerkraut is prepared. Once ready, it’s important that the food is not brought near oxygen. This is accomplished by keeping new produce immersed under liquid to avoid food spoilage.
One of the most effortless preservation techniques, and if you have a freezer, you’re possibly using this technique already, even if just to store some dinner scraps. It’s a simple technique for storing extra fruits and vegetables from the garden. Refrigerate pieces of fresh nectarines and peaches for your breakfast smoothies or fill freezer-protected containers with blanched beans, corn, or raw spinach.
Salting for food preservation
Salt behaves as a preservative. Premature mariners and colonists preserved meat with salt, concealing pieces of meat in containers of salt. While we haven’t gone so remote as to salt meat, this technique works well to store citrus, too. Salted citrus can survive for years and can be utilized to flavor dishes while you cook. (You wouldn’t like to eat a full salted orange, though!)
Instilling vinegar with the flavour of herbs and fruits is a means to conserve some of your loved flavours to enjoy later. Use infused vinegar in your marinades or to prepare the salad dressing. Infused vinegar will stay healthy indefinitely on a pantry rack.
Herbed sugars and salts
Another means to conserve the flavour of herbed salts, herbs, and sugar. Although it is not going to provide for you in a crisis, they do let you enjoy some of your precious flavours beyond their seasonal constraint. Mixing minced herbs with salt dries up the herbs. Use herbed salt to season meat or mix into soups as well as casseroles. Herbed sugars (such as mint) are excellent for pouring over desserts or combining them with tea.
Whatever food item it is that you’re using, if you do have a large amount of it, you’d definitely want to preserve some to enjoy and savour it later. Thus, having a few preservation methods handy will serve you quite well.
So, what techniques are you going to use and for which food item? Let us know in comments’ section below!